There are several types of directors in Malaysia and here are the requirements to be a director.
1. 18 years and above
A director shall be a person who is at least 18 years of age.
2. He is not a bankrupt
A person who has been adjudicated a bankrupt and has not been discharged from his bankruptcy cannot hold office as a director or take part in the management of the company. It is immaterial whether he was made a bankrupt within or outside Malaysia.
However, in any case, a bankrupt may be appointed or hold office only with the approval of either the Official Receiver or the court.
3. He is not a convicted person
A person who has been disqualified as a director on the ground that he has been convicted of certain offences may not hold office as a director or take part in the management of the company.
The prohibition period is 5 years calculated from the date he is convicted, or if he is sentenced to imprisonment, 5 years from the date of his release from prison. Nevertheless, he may be re-appointed or hold office as a director with the court’s approval.
4. He is not restrained by the court
A person may also be restrained from being a director by the court. The Registrar of Companies may apply to the court to restrain a person from acting or holding office as a director or promoter or taking part in the management of a company on the ground that the person’s conduct as a director of the insolvent companies makes him unfit to take part in the management of any company. The court may grant the restraining for a period not exceeding 5 years starting from the date of the court order. The court may also restrain a person who has breached his duties as a director from holding office as a director.
5. He is not an auditor of the company
An auditor of a company cannot be a director of the company. His spouse is also not allowed to be a director of the company. If he wishes to be appointed as a director of the company, he or his spouse has to resign as the company’s auditor.
6. He is not unsound mind
A person who is of unsound mind or suffers from mental disorder within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 2001 is disqualified from being a director of a company.
7. He is not prohibited by the constitution of the company
A company in its constitution may require its directors to hold a minimum number of shares in the company. If the director did not hold the minimum number of shares required within the prescribed time, he would be disqualified from being a director of the company.
8. There is no specific academic or professional qualification required
It is not a requirement for a director to have any specific academic or professional qualification.
How to be a director?
A person must have consented to be a director of the company as well as fulfilling all the factors listed above. Some directors are appointed when the company is incorporated. However, others may be appointed by ordinary resolution and by the board of directors.
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The view expressed in this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter and does not constitute professional legal advice. You are advised to seek proper legal advice for your specific situation.